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063 -- DIABETES
Diabetes is a condition characterized by the body's inability to efficiently
burn up the sugars (carbohydrates) which have been consumed. This is caused by
an insufficient production of insulin. You do not need to buy special foods
because you are diabetic. You may eat the same foods purchased for the family.
Foods that are labeled dietetic are not necessarily intended for people with
diabetes. Foods that are labeled sugar-free are not necessarily low in
calories. Food Exchange - Foods grouped together on a list according to
similarities in food values. Measured amounts of foods within the group may be
used as tradeoffs in planning meals. A single Exchange contains equal
amounts of calories, carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, fats and vitamins.
Calorie - A unit used to express heat or energy value of food. Nutrient -
Substance in food necessary for life. Protein, fats, vitamins, carbohydrates,
minerals and water are nutrients. Carbohydrate - One of the three major energy
sources of foods. Carbohydrates yield about 4 calories per gram. Fat - One of
the major energy sources of food. Fat yields about 9 calories per gram.
Protein - One of the three major nutrient groups in foods which contain amino
acids that are essential for the life processes. Protein provides about 4
calories per gram.